With a population of 1.1 Crore as per the last census in the year 2011, which 0.83 percent of the Indian Population. This state in the Northern part of the country borders with Himachal Pradesh to the North-West, Haryana to the West, and Uttar Pradesh to the East. The state in the year 2000 was carved out from the Himalayan region of Uttar Pradesh. In the current decade, the density of the state is 488 per Sq. mile, and is spread of 53,483 Sq. km. Uttarakhand population consists of around 5,137,773 males and around 4,94,519 females.
There has been a growth of 18.81 percent in the Uttarakhand population. The child sex ratio as per the 2011 census is 890. The literacy ration in the state has increased to 78.82 percent as compared to the last decade. The male literacy ratio is 87.40 percent as compared to the female literacy ratio which is 70.01 percent which is way less as compared to the males. The total literate Uttarakhand population is 6,880,953.
The state has 13 recognized districts, where Dehradun and Haridwar having the highest population in the state Uttarakhand is a state with a multi-ethnic population that is spread across two recognized geo-cultural regions, the Garhwal Region, which is North-western half of the state, and the Kumaun region which spans to the South-east of the state.
The population is sparse and is unevenly distributed throughout the state. The maximum population lives n rural settlements of the state, which usually takes the form of small linear villages set alongside paths or roads. Uttarakhand population is so unevenly distributed for the reason as this state has that maximum region of mountains and valleys, due to which the reach to the resources is scarce, and the population is spread to regions. The Census data reveals that around 82.89percent of the houses in the state are owned by the people, whereas 12.39 percent are rented. There is a large portion of Uttarakhandpopulation that is the descendants of landowning rulers, who are known as Rajputs. Including indigenous Garhwali, Gujjar, and Kumauni as well as immigrants.
One-fourth of the total population of the state resides in urban areas which are primarily located in the Southern region of the state. Dehradun, Haridwar, Haldwani, Roorkee, Kashipur, and Rudrapur are the urban centers of the state. In recent years, there has been a lot of development in the state, which is leading to better connections between the districts, and villages. This has lead to a better tourism development in the state. Some of the Holiest Hindu shrines are in the region withing this state, which make Uttarakhand a hub of tourism. The tourist population of the state does not only include people from within the country, but also a large part of the tourists is from foreign countries. The Yamuna river emerges from Yamunotri, and the Gangotri Region is where it is believed that Lord Shiva sat and received Goddess Ganga in his matted locks. The KedarnathDham lies in the southeast of Gangotri, and the BadrinathDham on the banks of Alaknanda River. An important Sikh pilgrimage, perched at an elevation of 13,000 feet in the North-central region of Uttarakhandhonors the 10th Guru of the Religion, Gobind Singh Ji.
The Uttarakhand temperature/weather is sharply demarcated in the case of its two distinct divisions: The smaller plain region and the predominant hilly terrain. The most favorable time to visit Uttarakhand happens to be in the course of the summers when the Uttrakhand temperature is very mild and comfortable.
This state has a history ranging from the residing places of gods to a favorable British Territory. Uttarakhand is a land steeped in layers of history, ethnicity, culture, and religion. This state is known as ‘DevBhoomi’ that means the land of Gods. With plenty of pilgrimage centers, it has a spectacular natural environment, with opportunities for numerous recreational activities such as Rafting, Trekking, Skiing, etc. Most of the population in the regions of Uttarakhand depends upon the Tourism sector. Although it is seasonal, tourism comprises of the maximum of the economy of the state. A huge chunk of the population of the state also includes of students, as being a favorable region, it has a maximum number of education institutions, students raging from the region from the Northern-most regions of the country to the Southern-most regions, from the extreme west of the country to the extreme east.